You go to the hardware store and stand in front of 25 different silver, brass, tall and short faucets trying to pick which version will best suit your space but do you really know what the difference is between them? Let us explain the types to you so you can make an informed decision next time.
A Compression Faucet
These are the longest-running type of faucet which uses a washer to create a watertight seal. Compression faucets are the ones with two knobs to differentiate hot and cold water. When you want to turn the water on you simply turn the knob which untightens the compression releasing the water. To stop the flow of water, simply tighten the knobs back down.
Each knob connects to a stem assembly which is a long screw that has a washer at the end. When you tighten the faucet, the stem assembly is moved down to the valve seat where water flows out from. As the stem assembly is lowered, it forces the washer to compress, which creates a seal that prevents the water from continuing.
A Cartridge Faucet
To turn it on and off you move a single-handle cartridge faucet up and down. You move them from side to side to control temperature, just like disc faucets. These faucets are unique. They can have one or two handles and they don’t have any washers or balls. They contain a hollow metal cartridge inside the faucet that controls the flow of water.
A Ball Faucet
Ball faucets are like compression faucets, except they don’t use washers, they use a rotating ball that rolls into a hole to control the flow of water. This setup is called the lever ball assembly and it is housed inside the faucet’s body. These faucets have a single handle that controls both hot and cold water by turning it in specific directions. The ball has small chambers and slots in it that are connected to the water line. These slots align with different grooves, allowing water to flow through when not aligned or blocking it when they are aligned. These are the most common type of faucets for kitchen sinks.
A Disc Faucet
Disc faucets are the newest type of faucet on the market. These are different from the other types we have talked about. They do not have washers and are wider than compression and ball faucet. They have one handle that moves up, down and side to side. You can identify them by their single-lever design, which is very sleek and stylish.
There are two ceramic discs inside the faucet, the lower disc is locked in place while the upper disc moves with the handle. The upper disc turns away from the lower disc creating a space between them to allow water to flow when turned on. When you turn the handle in the other direction, the discs close, and water isn’t allowed to pass through.
If you’re having trouble installing your new faucet, give Air Design a call and we can have it sorted out for you in just one day. Our plumbers are always waiting to help you with any of your home’s needs.